Francolinus francolinus | black francolin


Native to India, the black francolin was introduced to Hawaiʻi in 1959 as a gamebird. A little over a foot long, the male stands out with black feathers with white spots and white cheeks with a chestnut collar, while the female is brown with a rusty neck. Often in dry grasslands, they scare easily and hide from view and prefer running away rather than flushing.

Hotspots for black francolin

Keāhole Point

Open Ocean


Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historic Park

Coastal Wetland

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Honua‘ula Forest Reserve (Makāula -‘O‘oma section)

Wet forest


Pu‘u Wa‘awa‘a Halapepe and ʻŌhiʻa Trails

Dry forestPasture and grasslands


Waiki‘i (off Old Saddle Road)

Pasture and grasslands


Palila Forest Discovery Trail

Dry forest

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Pu‘u Huluhulu Trail

Dry forest

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