Hawaiʻi Bird Species

Hawai‘i’s birds represent one of the greatest examples of variety and adaptation anywhere in the world. In addition to the unique native species, many introduced birds also call Hawai‘i home. In only a few hours, an intrepid birder could spot endangered native species, African game birds, European song birds, and North American waterbirds.

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American Birding Association Common Name Hawaiian Name Scientific Name
cackling goose Branta hutchinsii
Canada goose Branta canadensis
Hawaiian goose nēnē Branta sandvicensis
muscovy duck Cairina moschata
mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Hawaiian duck koloa Anas wyvilliana
northern shoveler koloa moha Anas clypeata
northern pintail koloa mapu Anas acuta
lesser scaup Aythya affinis
helmeted guineafowl (domestic type) Numida meleagris
California quail Callipepla californica
chukar Alectoris chukar
gray francolin Francolinus pondicerianus
black francolin Francolinus francolinus
Erckel’s francolin Pternistis erckelii
red junglefowl (domestic) moa Gallus gallus
kalij pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Indian peafowl Pavo cristatus
wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo
pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Hawaiian petrel ʻuaʻu Pterodroma sandwichensis
Bulwer’s petrel ʻou Bulweria bulwerii
wedge-tailed shearwater ʻuaʻu kani Ardenna pacifica
sooty shearwater Ardenna grisea
Newell’s shearwater ʻaʻo Puffinus newelli
Leach’s storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
band-rumped storm-petrel ʻakeʻake Oceanodroma castro
white-tailed tropicbird koaʻe kea Phaethon lepturus
red-tailed tropicbird koaʻe ʻula Phaethon rubricauda
great frigatebird ʻiwa Fregata minor
masked booby ʻā Sula dactylatra
brown booby ʻā Sula leucogaster
red-footed booby ʻā Sula sula
cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
black-crowned night-heron ʻaukuʻu Nycticorax nycticorax
Hawaiian hawk ʻio Buteo solitarius
Hawaiian coot ʻalae keʻokeʻo Fulica alai
Hawaiian black-necked stilt aeʻo Himantopus mexicanus knudseni
Pacific golden-plover kolea Pluvialis fulva
wandering tattler ʻūlili Tringa incana
bristle-thighed curlew kioea Numenius tahitiensis
ruddy turnstone ʻakekeke Arenaria interpres
sanderling hunakai Calidris alba
black noddy noio Anous minutus
sooty tern ʻewaʻewa Onychoprion fuscatus
least tern Sternula antillarum
chestnut-bellied sandgrouse Pterocles exustus
rock pigeon Columba livia
spotted dove Streptopelia chinensis
zebra dove Geopelia striata
mourning dove Zenaida macroura
barn owl Tyto alba
Hawaiian short-eared owl pueo Asio flammeus sandwichensis
red-masked parakeet Psittacara erythrogenys
Hawaii elepaio ʻelepaio Chasiempis sandwichensis
Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis
Japanese bush-warbler Horornis diphone
Japanese white-eye Zosterops japonicus
Chinese hwamei Garrulax canorus
red-billed leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
omao ʻōmaʻo Myadestes obscurus
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
common myna Acridotheres tristis
yellow-billed cardinal Paroaria capitata
saffron finch Sicalis flaveola
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
palila palila Loxioides bailleui
apapane ʻapapane Himatione sanguinea
iiwi ʻiʻiwi Drepanis coccinea
akiapolaau ʻakiapōlāʻau Hemignathus wilsoni
Hawaii amakihi ʻamakihi Chlorodrepanis virens
Hawaii creeper ʻalawī Loxops mana
Hawaii akepa ʻākepa Loxops coccineus
house finch Haemorhous mexicanus
yellow-fronted canary Serinus mozambicus
house sparrow Passer domesticus
lavender waxbill Estrilda caerulescens
common waxbill Estrilda astrild
red avadavat Amandava amandava
African silverbill Euodice cantans
Java sparrow Lonchura oryzivora
scaly-breasted munia Lonchura punctulata